11 February –World Day of the Sick
On 11 February is celebrated annually the World of the Sick. The day was set in 1992 at the initiative of Pope John Paul II in memory of the holy Virgin of Lourdes.
21 March - World Down Syndrome Day
Since 2006, 21 March is World Down Syndrome Day. This date has been chosen because the disease is caused by the lack of separation of chromosomes 21 during the cell division in the conception of the fetus. Down syndrome is a genetic disease, not hereditary, occuring about every 600-800 births.
2 April - World Autism Awarness Day
April 2 was declared on December 18, 2007, by the United Nations (UN), World Day of Autism Awareness. The aim is to encourage all UN member states to take measures to increase autism awareness among society and to encourage early diagnosis and early intervention.
7 April - World Health Day
In 1948, the first World Health Assembly requested the creation of a World Health Day, in order to mark the founding of the World Health Organization (WHO). Since 1950 WHO celebrates its birthday on 7 April, a special theme being chosen annually for each World Health Day referring to a WHO priority.
9 May - Europe Day
On May 9, 1950 was made the first step towards establishing today's European Union. In Paris that day, the French Minister of Foreign Affairs, Robert Schuman read to the international press a declaration calling France, Germany and other European countries to put together their coal and steel productions thus placing the foundation stone of a European federation. What the French minister proposed was the creation of a supranational European institution responsible for managing the coal and steel industry, a sector which at that time represented the base for the whole military power.
26 May – International Day of People with Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic neurological disorder which affects the central nervous system, particularly the brain, spinal cord and optical nerves. Multiple sclerosis can cause difficulties in strength and muscle control, vision, balance, sensitivity and disorders of mental functions.
21 September – World Alzheimer's Day
Alzheimer is a degenerative neurovegetative disease, chronic and progressive, caused by lesions occured on the brain, with a gradual loss of memory. The first description of the disease was made by Alois Alzheimer in 1906, but has been confused for a long time with different types of dementia.
26 September – International Day of the Deaf
10 October - World Mental Health Day
The World Mental Health Day was established on October 10, 1992 by the World Federation for Mental health (WFMH) and is the only global awareness and public education campaign for a better understanding of mental illness and behavioral disorders.
15 October – International Day of the Blind
The International Day of the Blind, also called the White Cane Day, was established by the European organization for the Welfare of the Blind in 1993, in Warsaw. In fact, 15 October has been proclaimed the White Cane Day by the U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson on October 6, 1964. Subsequently it has become an international event, the day being celebrated all over the world. DETAILS
24 October - United Nations Day (UN)
UN is the most important international organization in the world. It was founded in 1945 after the Second World War and is composed of 192 member states. UN's mission is to ensure world peace, respect of human rights, international cooperation and respect of international law. Since 1945, 24 October represents the United Nations Day.
13 November – International Day of Education for Blind Children
The International Day of Education for Blind Children, marked each year on November 13, is meant to be a warning made by several NGOs and not only, concerning the problems faced by persons suffering from visual difficulties. November 13 was established, since 1946, as the International Day of Education for blind children, this date being the birthday of the French teacher Valentin Hauy who founded the first school for the blind in the world, in Paris, in 1784.
1 December – World AIDS Day
1 December was marked in 1988 by the UN as World AIDS Day. The main purpose of this anniversary is to remind all people the meaning of this disease and teach them how to fight against it. AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is an immune system disorder characterized by opportunistic infections, neoplasma, neurological disorders and a variety of other syndromes. The disease, once initiated, is continuously evolving and can only be delayed by drug treatment or surgery.
3 December – International Day of Persons with Disabilities
In 1992, at the end of the UN Decade dedicated to persons with disabilities (1983 - 1992), the General Assembly proclaimed 3 December as the International Day of Persons with Disabilities (resolution 47/3). The decade was a period of awareness and taking concrete measures to improve the situation of persons with disabilities in order to offer them equal rights. Thus, the General Assembly called on the member states to mark this day in order to increase the integration of disabled persons into society (resolution 47/88). DETAILS
10 December – Human Rights Day
On December 10, 1948, the UN General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Declaration contains 30 articles and is the first international document that solemnly states the fundamental rights and liberties to be guaranteed to any human beings all over the world. This was conceived as a statement of objectives that have to be pursued by governments, it does not have legal effects and signatories.